It is the third time media stations in the country have broadcast hoax warnings in just over two weeks. A day before the first false broadcast, hackers launched an attack on streaming services that were showing Vladimir Putin’s state-of-the-nation address, taking it offline. Media outlets owned by All-Russia State Television and Radio Broadcasting Company (VG TRK), a state broadcaster, were targeted during the speech. Responsibility for that effort was claimed by the IT Army of Ukraine, an organisation that formed soon after the invasion. However, no indication has yet been given of who is behind the television and radio hacks.