Iran and Saudi Arabia support rival sides in several conflict zones including Yemen, where the Huthi rebels are backed by Tehran and Riyadh leads a military coalition supporting the government. Sandwiched between Iran and Saudi Arabia, Iraq had hosted several rounds of talks since April 2021. Abraham AccordsThe pledge to resume ties comes two-and-a-half years after the UAE, which also lies between Saudi Arabia and Iran, signed the Abraham Accords opening ties with Israel -- a similarly unexpected move. Other Gulf states had also scaled back their ties with Iran after the 2016 incident. But in September, Iran welcomed an Emirati ambassador back after a six-year absence.